07/24/2023 0 Comments

1. Bitcoin Miners Benefit from Good Times, Preparing for Bad Too

In a recent market report from Bitfinex, a cryptocurrency trading platform, it has been revealed that Bitcoin mining companies are adopting derisking tactics by transferring their BTC holdings to cryptocurrency exchanges.

This move comes to surface as these firms seek to mitigate potential risks and secure their assets amid the ever-changing market conditions. By employing such strategies, mining companies aim to maintain a balanced approach to their operations, ensuring stability and safeguarding their investments.

In its latest newsletter, the cryptocurrency trading platform sheds light on the Bitcoin mining sector, delving into the noteworthy trend of miners offloading significant amounts of BTC to various exchanges. This practice has sparked considerable attention and interest in the industry, resulting in a notable uptick in the shares value of Bitcoin mining companies.

Notably, the institutional interest in BTC has been on the rise throughout 2023, further contributing to the growing market dynamics. The newsletter discusses how this surge in institutional interest and strategic moves by mining companies are shaping the landscape of the cryptocurrency market, presenting new opportunities and challenges for investors and stakeholders alike.

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty at Highs

According to the report, Poolin stands out as the leading contributor to the recent surge in BTC sales to the market over the past weeks. Bitfinex analysts have closely monitored this trend and highlighted that the Bitcoin mining difficulty has recently reached an unprecedented high. This is a development they interpret as a positive sign of the industry’s strength and the confidence displayed by miners.

As Poolin takes the lead in selling BTC to the market, it signals an increased level of activity and engagement in the mining sector. This heightened trading activity might be a result of various factors, including the evolving market conditions and strategic decision-making by mining companies.

Moreover, the record-high Bitcoin mining difficulty is viewed as a significant indicator of the robustness and confidence among miners. Mining difficulty refers to the level of competition and complexity in solving mathematical problems to validate and add blocks to the blockchain. When it reaches an all-time high, it signifies a collective commitment among miners to secure and maintain the network, indicating a positive sentiment within the industry.

Increased Bitcoin Selling and Mining Difficulty

Bitfinex’s analysis brings valuable insights into the impact of recent developments in the Bitcoin mining sector on the broader cryptocurrency market. The surge in BTC sales by Poolin and other mining companies has potentially significant implications for investors and stakeholders as they navigate the dynamic landscape in 2023.

Firstly, the increased selling of BTC by mining companies may suggest a strategic approach to managing risk and optimizing their positions. This could lead to increased liquidity in the market, which might create new trading opportunities and attract more institutional investors. However, it may also introduce some volatility, as large-scale BTC sales can influence price movements.

Secondly, the record-high Bitcoin mining difficulty indicates a strong commitment and confidence among miners in the long-term viability of the cryptocurrency. This level of robustness in the mining sector could instill confidence in investors, indicating that Bitcoin’s security and decentralization are well-maintained.

However, it’s important for investors and stakeholders to carefully monitor these developments and consider the potential challenges they may pose. Heightened selling pressure from mining companies might impact short-term price fluctuations, making it crucial for traders to adopt informed and prudent strategies.

Additionally, as the institutional interest in BTC grows, investors should stay vigilant to any regulatory changes that might come into play. Increased attention from regulatory bodies could shape the market’s landscape, affecting trading practices and investor sentiment.

Overall, Bitfinex’s analysis highlights the need for investors and stakeholders to stay informed, adaptable, and prudent in their decision-making, in response to the evolving dynamics of the cryptocurrency market.

Understanding the implications of the mining sector’s developments will be crucial for anyone looking to make informed choices in the rapidly changing world of cryptocurrencies in 2023.

According to the report, Bitcoin miners are taking measures to hedge their positions on derivatives exchanges, as evidenced by a substantial 70,000 BTC in 30-day cumulative volume transferred during the first week of July 2023.

This significant transfer of BTC to derivatives exchanges indicates miners are actively using these platforms to mitigate potential risks and exposure to price fluctuations in the cryptocurrency market. By engaging in hedging strategies, miners aim to protect their holdings from sudden price declines while still being able to participate in potential price increases.

2. The Challenges and Solutions for Decentralized Bitcoin Mining

In a recent roundtable discussion hosted by Roundtable anchor, Rob Nelson, founder of Titan, Ryan Condron shared some enlightening perspectives on the future of Bitcoin mining and the need for a more decentralized approach. They shed light on the threats and opportunities of the current centralized state of Bitcoin mining, outlining some potential solutions to maintain the spirit of decentralization that is integral to the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Rob Nelson highlighted the potential dangers of the current state of affairs, ” Not having decentralized mining is actually a dangerous thing to be hanging out there,” he mentioned in the early moments of the discussion.

To which, Ryan Condron echoed Nelson’s concerns. “Absolutely, by having so much hash rate concentrated in just a few mining pools, it is problematic for the ecosystem.” Condron argued that the solution is to encourage large miners to establish their own private mining pools, create their own blocks, and compete on the network. This, he believes, is the way to ensure decentralization.

However, the problem lies in creating the right incentives for miners. As Nelson rightly pointed out, there needs to be some motivation beyond the looming potential for disaster. As he said, “What’s the incentive? This could be bad someday if everything hits the fan.”

Responding to this, Condron acknowledged that miners are, at their core, “profit-driven animals,” implying that the current incentives might not be sufficient to shift the trend. But he also underscored an important aspect of the mining process, one that is often misunderstood. Miners, he explained, don’t actually mine blocks, instead, they sell their hash rate to a pool, which does the mining.

In a bid to move towards greater decentralization, Titan has initiated efforts to encourage the creation of private mining pools. They’ve sponsored a protocol called Lumerin, which focuses on the decentralization of control. The idea is to allow miners to sell their hash rate on a global marketplace, enabling a worldwide base of users to control and direct hash power.

To illustrate the importance of this, Condron compared miners to power producers selling electricity, stating, “If you said a power producer only is in business if they use all the electricity they produce, you would think that they were insane.” He suggested that miners should be selling their ‘commodity’ – hash power – on an open marketplace to the highest bidder.

By doing so, Titan aims to provide a global, decentralized, anonymous marketplace for the buying and selling of hash rate so that anyone in the world can buy hash rate and mine their own Bitcoin, bypassing the need for KYC and AML procedures.

3. Several Arkansas counties race to pass crypto mining limits

Several Arkansas counties are moving quickly to pass emergency ordinances allowing them to regulate noise and other issues in advance of a new state law that will take effect Aug. 1 limiting the kinds of regulation local governments can implement on cryptocurrency mining facilities.

While the facilities actively seek out remote locations for their server farms used to generate cryptocurrencies, noise from cooling fans, electricity consumption and other issues are causing concerns.

“I don’t have any issues with mining crypto, but just the noise level, the lack of care for our neighbors,” Kris Kendrick, a justice of the peace on Faulkner County’s Quorum Court, said during its July meeting. “I think there’s a continual disregard for being a good neighbor and this is not acceptable.”

The legislation, Act 851 of 2023, passed with near unanimity in April. According to its text, the law was intended to “recognize that data centers create jobs, pay taxes, and provide general economic value,” and “clarify the guidelines needed to protect the data asset miners from discriminatory industry specific regulations and taxes.”

What is driving the dash by counties to pass ordinances now are looming limits on local governments’ power to enact certain noise restrictions and other regulatory requirements on cryptocurrency mining operations, in part by mandating that local governments can’t impose different requirements on crypto mines than they do on data centers.

“No one spoke against this bill in committees, or on the legislative floors,” the legislation’s author, state Rep. Rick McClure, a Republican from Malvern, said in a written statement. “In the weeks following [the passage of the bill] there have been several reported situations of problems with noise generated by digital asset miners. Large digital asset mining operations can be a problem. They can be loud and annoying.”

Despite McClure’s acknowledgement of the noise issue, he also said that the bill was “not intended” to address “industry-specific” noise issues.

While the act doesn’t outright ban local regulations on so-called “digital asset mining” facilities, it does limit the kinds of action localities can take. Specifically, the bill prohibits local governments from discriminating against digital asset mining facilities, or from taking actions that limit decibel levels “from home digital asset mining other than the limits set for sound pollution generally.”

It also disallows local governments from imposing different requirements on digital asset mining businesses than ones applied to data centers more generally, and from rezoning areas “with the intent or effect of discriminating against” digital mining operations.

The law also requires digital asset mining businesses to “operate in a manner that causes no stress on an electric public utility’s generation capabilities or transmission network.”

The computer equipment necessary for digital asset mining requires massive amounts of energy in order to solve complex equations, which, once solved, generate cryptocurrency. Because of the amount of electricity required, digital asset mining operations need to be close to electric substations and require massive cooling systems to prevent the computers from overheating — which can also generate massive amounts of noise.

While the bill passed the state Legislature quietly, it wasn’t long before counties began to notice the bill and its implications. Once the alarm was raised, many began to race against the clock to enact noise ordinances before the law goes into effect on Aug. 1.

When it heard about the law in May, the Association of Arkansas Counties began working on a model ordinance that counties could consider prior to the law going into effect, the association’s chief legal counsel, Mike Whitmore, said. That model was distributed to counties in June. In the time since, at least a dozen counties have passed noise ordinances targeting data centers.

“In May we started realizing, obviously, the way that the act was drafted, that greatly curtailed the ability and mechanics to exercise local control and home rule after it becomes effective,” Whitmore said.

This model legislation is what Faulkner County based its original proposed ordinance on, Civil Attorney Phil Murphy said prior to Faulkner County’s Quorum Court meeting on Tuesday. Residents in Faulkner County have already experienced the disruption created by digital asset mining operations firsthand — one resident who spoke up during the meeting said she could hear the sound of the mine inside her home, four miles away.

But, as with many aspects of crypto mining, which has weathered criticism for its health and environmental impacts, debate about the ordinance became tense as some members of the Quorum Court — some of whom were open supporters of crypto — said they weren’t fans of imposing “industry-specific” regulations.

“I’m not a big fan of piecemeal ordinances that call out specific industries,” said Jason Lyon, another Faulkner County justice of the peace.

Kendrick said he visited an operational digital asset mining operation in unincorporated Faulkner County with his children and Arkansas state Rep. Matthew Brown. When they arrived, he said, a security guard got out of his car, pulled an AR-15 out of his trunk, and filmed them. Kendrick said this was just one example of bad neighbor-like conduct by crypto operations. Despite that, Kendrick said he still had his reservations about the ordinance.

Kendrick introduced an amendment to the original proposed noise ordinance sponsored by Justice of the Peace Maree Coats, which removed crypto-specific language present in the original and noise study and permitting requirements, saying that it was important to address the root of the problem.

“There is no doubt — anybody that’s been out to Bono, you know there’s an issue. I would not want to live there when you can’t sit up on your front porch,” Kendrick said. “I’m worried about the crypto-specific language in there.”

Coats, who spoke forcefully about the impacts of the noise that crypto operations were generating on Faulkner County residents, was against Kendrick’s amendment, saying that his substantial changes to the original ordinance could jeopardize its ability to stand up in court in the event of a legal challenge.

“I also want to make the point that it’s not these people stepping out on the front porch and [not] being able to enjoy a glass of tea sitting on the back porch. These people can hear this sound 24/7 from their bedrooms,” Coats said. “So it’s not something where you … can just stay inside your home and not be bothered.”

Kendrick’s amendment, and another proposed by Justice of the Peace John Allison III that changed the times the noise limits change throughout the day, both passed. One justice of the peace, Justin Knight, abstained from the vote due to having business with data centers. Nine voted in favor of passing the amended ordinance while two voted present.

As the justices of the peace debated the merits of the different amendments and differing philosophies on regulations, eyes from beyond Faulkner County watched from the benches of the small courtroom. In the front row was Van Buren County’s county judge, Dale James, who had come to observe the outcome as he prepared for Van Buren County’s Quorum Court meeting on Thursday, where justices will vote on their own crypto noise ordinance.

Directly behind him were two lawyers, whispering to each other throughout as they flipped through marked-up copies of Act 851. The lawyers, William Ogles and Steve Giles of the Wright Lindsey Jennings law firm, represent “several digital asset mining companies interested in bringing cutting-edge business ventures to Arkansas.” Ogles declined a live interview, citing their firm’s media policy, and did not name the firms they are representing.

“We look forward to working together with our community partners all across the state. Unfortunately, some recent local regulations appear to have been rushed and may be in violation of the law. At this time, all [legal] options are on the table,” Ogles and Giles wrote, adding later that local ordinances, even if passed before the law goes into effect, would be unenforceable if they conflict with the law according to the state constitution.

As for Van Buren County, James, the county judge, disagreed that the law would retroactively affect ordinances passed prior to the law’s going into effect. He added that attending Faulkner County’s Quorum Court meeting was eye-opening, and said there will likely be some minor tweaks to Van Buren County’s proposed ordinance due to his observations.

Van Buren County’s ordinance passed in a vote by its Quorum Court on Thursday.

Faulkner County’s County judge, Allen Dodson, commended the Faulkner County Quorum Court for its work on the noise ordinance.

“This is not a new issue,” Dodson said. “This has been discussed in virtually every county in Arkansas. … It’s a broad issue, it’s not easy to address. You here in attendance are seeing the legislative body of this county wrestle with how we approach things in America. They don’t take this lightly.”

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Harvey CHEN

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